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nkhani

Pa Okutobala 5, malinga ndi nkhani yomwe idasindikizidwa patsamba lovomerezeka la Nobel Prize, Mphotho ya Nobel ya Physiology kapena Medicine ya 2020 idapambanidwa ndi asayansi atatu. Malinga ndi malipoti, opambana atatuwa adapeza zomwe zidawunikira, adazindikira kachilombo ka hepatitis C, kupimitsa magazi ndikupanga mankhwala atsopano, ndikupulumutsa miyoyo mamiliyoni.
Kuyambira pomwe Nobel Prize mu Physiology kapena Medicine idaperekedwa koyamba mu 1901, maulendo 110 adapatsidwa mphotho. Pakadali pano, pakhala pali opambana 219 a Nobel Prize mu Physiology kapena Medicine, ndipo palibe amene adapambana mphothoyi kawiri mpaka pano. Zimanenedwa kuti. Mphoto imodzi ya Nobel Prize chaka chino yawonjezeka kufika ku 10 miliyoni kronor waku Sweden (pafupifupi RMB 7.6 miliyoni), chiwonjezeko cha 1 miliyoni kronor waku Sweden pa 2019.
Mankhwala a hepatitis C amaphatikizidwa ndi inshuwaransi ya zamankhwala
Matenda a mtundu wa C omwe amapezeka mu Mphoto ya Nobel amatha kuyambitsa matenda a chiwindi a hepatitis C, omwe amadziwika kuti hepatitis C. Malinga ndi ziwerengero za WHO, anthu pafupifupi 180 miliyoni padziko lonse ali ndi kachilombo ka hepatitis C, ndipo pali pafupifupi 3 miliyoni mpaka 4 miliyoni chaka chilichonse. Chiwerengero cha omwalira chimayambira 35,000 mpaka 50,000. Anthu opitilira 40 miliyoni mdziko lathu ali ndi kachilomboka.
Zimamveka kuti nthawi yolumikizira hepatitis C ndi milungu iwiri mpaka miyezi 6, motero 80% ya odwala sadzakhala ndi zisonyezo atakhala ndi kachilombo ka hepatitis C, koma mwachinsinsi kachilomboko kakuchitabe zoyipa ndikuwononga chiwindi pang'onopang'ono. Atakhala ndi kachilombo ka hepatitis C, pafupifupi 15% ya anthu amatha kutulutsa kachilomboka pawokha, koma 85% ya odwala pachimake amapitilira ku chiwindi cha hepatitis C. Popanda chithandizo, 10% mpaka 15% ya odwala amadwala matenda enaake pafupifupi zaka 20 pambuyo pake Matendawa, komanso kupititsa patsogolo kwa matenda a chiwindi kumatha kubweretsa chiwindi kapena khansa ya chiwindi.
Ngakhale 60% mpaka 90% ya odwala omwe ali ndi HCV amatha kuchiritsidwa, njira zina zamankhwala zaposachedwa zimachiritsa pafupifupi 100%. Tsoka ilo, pafupifupi 3% mpaka 5% ya anthu amalandila chithandizo choyenera.
Pa Januware 1 chaka chino, mtundu watsopano wa "National Basic Medical Insurance, Work Injury Insurance ndi Maternity Insurance Drug Catalog" idakhazikitsidwa. Mitengo ya mankhwala ambiri yagwa kwambiri. Mwa mankhwala 70 omwe angowonjezedwa kumene, "Bingtongsha" ndi "Zebidah" ​​"Xia Fanning" mankhwala atatu a hepatitis C anaphatikizidwa m'ndandanda wa inshuwaransi ya zamankhwala kwa nthawi yoyamba, ndikuchepetsa mitengo pafupifupi 85%, kuphimba odwala onse a genotype.
Kupeza kuti wodwalayo akadali vuto
Vuto la Hepatitis C ndi kachilombo kamene kamafalitsa magazi. Matenda ake opatsirana amafanana ndi a hepatitis B. Amafala kwambiri kudzera m'magazi, kugonana, komanso kufalikira kwa mayi kupita kwa mwana. Kufala kwa magazi ndi njira yofalitsira matenda a chiwindi a hepatitis C. M'zaka zaposachedwa, pomwe anthu omwalira chifukwa cha matenda opatsirana monga chifuwa chachikulu, Edzi, ndi malungo onse achepera, chiwerengero cha omwe amwalira ndi matenda a chiwindi cha chiwindi chachepetsa izi. Pakati pa zaka 15 kuyambira 2000 mpaka 2015, chiwerengero cha anthu omwe amwalira ndi matenda a chiwindi cha hepatitis padziko lonse lapansi chakwera ndi 22%, kufika 134 pa anthu 10,000, kuposanso kuchuluka kwa omwe amwalira ndi Edzi.
Akatswiri akunena kuti kubisala kwakukulu ndi chimodzi mwazifukwa zazikulu zomwe zimapangitsa kuti anthu azifa kwambiri chifukwa cha matenda a chiwindi cha hepatitis C. Odwala ambiri samazindikira kuti akudwala. Matenda a hepatitis C osachiritsika alibe ziwonetsero zamankhwala koyambirira, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti azindikire mochedwa ndikuchiza mochedwa odwala. Pafupifupi 80% ya anthu omwe ali ndi kachilomboka samapezeka mpaka atakhala ndi khansa ya chiwindi ndi chiwindi.
M'dziko langa, khansa ya chiwindi imayambitsidwa ndi ma virus a hepatitis B ndi hepatitis C, pomwe 10% ya khansa ya chiwindi yoyambitsidwa ndi hepatitis B, ndi khansa ya chiwindi yoyambitsidwa ndi hepatitis C ndiyokwera 80%. Tsoka ilo, odwala ambiri a hepatitis C adwala matenda a chiwindi kapena khansa ya chiwindi akapezedwa, ndipo mtengo wamankhwala wawonjezeka kwambiri. Makamaka kwa odwala omwe ali ndi chiwindi cha decompensated, ngati sanalandire chithandizo munthawiyo, zaka zisanu kupulumuka kwawo ndi 25% yokha. Chifukwa chake, kuwunika msanga, kuwunika msanga, komanso kuchipatala ndikofunikira popewa ndikuchiza matenda a chiwindi a C.
Pankhaniyi, akatswiri anena kuti ndikofunikira kuzindikira odwala munthawi yake, kuwunika mosamala magulu omwe ali pachiwopsezo, ndikuwunika magulu omwe ali pachiwopsezo kudzera pama media ndi mabungwe azachipatala. Ogulitsa m'makampani akuwonetsa kuti anthu omwe adakhalapo ndi magazi komanso zoperekera magazi mzaka za m'ma 1990 komanso m'mbuyomu, ali ndi chiopsezo chotenga chiwerewere, mbiri yakulowetsa mankhwala osokoneza bongo, komanso magulu ena omwe ali pachiwopsezo chokhala ndi magazi ayenera kuchita "kalipeti kuyezetsa magazi ”kwa odwala matenda a chiwindi a C, Edzi ndi matenda ena Mamembala am'banja mwawo ayenera kuyang'aniridwa kuti awunike.
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Nthawi yamakalata: May-17-2021